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Survey Question Read Recite Relate Review

SQ4R method improves both comprehension and grades.
Before you read,
Survey
the chapter
•The title, headings, and subheadings.
•Captions under pictures, charts, graphs or maps.
•Review questions or teacher-made study guides.
•Introductory and concluding paragraphs.
•Summary.
•Try to get an overview of what lies ahead.

Question
while you are surveying
•Turn the title, headings, and/or subheadings into questions.
•Read questions at the end of the chapters or after each subheading.
•Ask yourself, “What did my instructor say about this chapter or subject when it was assigned?”
•Ask yourself, “What do I already know about this subject?”
•Example, the heading “Stages of Sleep” might lead you to ask: “Is there more than one stage of sleep?” What are they and how do they differ?” Asking questions helps you read with a purpose.
Note: If it is helpful to you, write out these questions for consideration. This variation is called SQW4R

When you begin to
Read
•Look for answers to the questions you first raised.
•Answer questions at the beginning or end of chapters or study guides.
•Reread captions under pictures, graphs, etc.
•Note all the underlined, italicized, bold printed words or phrases.
•Study graphic aids.
•Reduce your speed for difficult passages.
•Stop and reread parts which are not clear.
•Read only a section at a time and recite after each section.

Recite
after you’ve read a section:
•Orally ask yourself questions about what you have just read and/or summarize, in your own words, what you read.
•Take notes from the text but write the information in your own words.
•Underline/highlight important points you’ve just read.
•Use the method of recitation which best suits your particular learning style.
•Remember to look for answers as you read and to recite or take notes before moving on.
•Recite key terms and concepts.

Relate
•It is easier to remember ideas that are personally meaningful.
•When you study a chapter, try to link new facts, terms, and concepts with information you already know.

Review
an ongoing process.
•When you’re done reading, skim back over the chapter, or read your notes. Then check your memory by reciting and quizzing yourself again.

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